Around 6 million years ago, the first humans appeared.
Around 2 million years ago, humans started to use oral language.
And only around 5,000 years ago, did humans start to use writing systems.
Writing is a social construct and so reading must be explicitly taught to all kids but especially our Dyslexic kids as this is the only way they can learn to read.
Reading and writing is not an evolved skill like oral language.
Children cannot be immersed in the printed word and be expected to read. They must be taught from the bottom up.
We start with Oral Language, move on to Phonological Awareness, then to the Alphabetic Principle, Fluency, Vocabulary and Comprehension.
Children master the Alphabetic Principle when they can recognise and manipulate the individual sounds in written words.
We call this Phonemic Awareness.